Allergic diseases are increasing massively across Germany
Almost every third adult in Germany suffers from an allergy, according to one of the results of the study "Health of adults in Germany at present" (GEDA 2014/2015-EHIS) by the Robert Koch Institute (RKI). In addition to allergic diseases, the study also examined the prevalence of high blood pressure, diabetes, coronary heart diseases and strokes. The RKI published the data obtained in the "Journal of Health Monitoring".
"The results of the GEDA 2014/2015 EHIS study show that, according to self-assessment, around a third of adults between the ages of 18 and 79 suffer from an allergic disease"; reports the RKI. Although no specific query was made about individual allergic diseases, there is a considerable overall disease potential for allergies. The same applies to the diseases also considered, such as high blood pressure, diabetes or coronary heart diseases. Overall, "these diseases are of particular public health relevance," emphasizes RKI President Lothar H. Wieler.
Massive increase in allergic diseases
This GEDA study not only made it clear that almost a third of adults in this country suffer from allergic diseases, but also showed the trend over time in the development of allergies. 92 who determined the spread of allergic rhinitis (hay fever) based on a self-assessment. The studies will show that the prevalence has almost doubled by 2008/11. "Currently around 12.3 million adults in Germany state that they are affected by allergic rhinitis," reports the RKI.
Surveyed more than 23,000 people
The current study also confirmed known factors such as a higher frequency of allergies in women compared to men or the increased occurrence of allergies in people in the higher education group. With 31.6 percent women were affected significantly more often than men with 24.5 percent. Most commonly, middle-aged adults (30 to 64 years) from the upper educational level suffer from allergies. The study was based on information from 23,342 participants aged 18 years and over, who provided information on the presence of allergic diseases in the past twelve months (12-month prevalence of allergies).
30 million allergy sufferers in Germany
"The frequency of allergies in Germany has risen sharply since the 1970s" and "Estimates total up to 30 million people whose individual quality of life and performance can be severely impaired," reports the RKI. In addition to continuous allergy monitoring and further research into potential risk and protective factors, significantly increased efforts are required here for early diagnosis and adequate care for allergy sufferers.
Respond quickly if there are signs of an allergy
If allergic diseases become chronic, according to the RKI they usually go hand in hand with a high need for care, significant losses in quality of life and impaired performance. If you notice symptoms of an allergy, you should seek medical help at an early stage. As a sign of an allergy, for example, "runny nose, sneezing, burning and watery eyes, difficulty breathing up to breathlessness or excruciating itching of the skin" are known, according to the RKI. (fp)